Majuli Cultural Landscape Management Authority
...Promoting and preserving the rich heritage of Majuli

CULTURE - FESTIVALS CELEBRATED IN THE RIVER ISLAND OF MAJULI

FALGUTSAV

Doul Yatra

Falgutsav, Doul Yatra, or more commonly, Phakuwa is a festival of colour stated to have played at Lord Krishna's birth place at Gokula between Krishna and the gopis. In some of the borgeets also Shankaradeva and Madhavdeva have narrated how Lord Krishna played with color, rang or ahira with his fellow friends. As this festival is observed in the month of Phaguna (Feb-March), it has been called falgutsav.

This festival is observed both in the Sattras as well as in the villages to celebrate spring season when nature is full of resources which could be used to prepare for the difficult times in future. On the full moon day of the Indian month of Phaguna the image of Krishna, popularly known as Dol- Govinda is taken seven times around a holy fire and installed on a swing. This festival lasts for three days. On the afternoon of the third day, the image is taken out in a temple like house (dual) in a procession to the adjoining areas. The term Doul Yatra is derived from this procession. During the travel of the image of the Lord villagers in the neighbourhood come out to the streets and offer prayer along with some dakshina and other articles. It is sated that falgutsav was first introduced by Shankaradeva himself in the Bardowa Than, Shankaradeva's birth place, and then at Barpeta Sattra.

When the procession returns a mock fight takes place between people with coloured water being sprinkled on each other by people. After which the image is installed back in its original place. This mock fight also commemorates the colourful spring and the happy environment. The colour used is an antidote to pox. Falgutsav is also known as Fakuwa or holi. Repair work of boats and thatched roofs take place in the Sattras and in the villages. Craft work like making hand fan with cane, bamboo basket and boats starts due to the availability of materials and for their extensive use in the rainy season.